The Causes of Common Salivary Gland Infections


 Salivary Gland pic
Salivary Gland

An established Southern California emergency medicine practitioner, Zachary Lutsky, MD, has a dozen years of experience with Cedars-Sinai Medical Center. Experienced in a full range of conditions, Dr. Zachary Lutsky has assisted patients experiencing conditions of the ear, nose, and throat.

One area of the mouth susceptible to infections and other issues such as salivary stones is the salivary glands, which produce upwards of a quart of fluid on a daily basis. An essential lubricating fluid that allows swallowing, saliva also assists in digestion and safeguarding the teeth against bacteria.

Common bacterial infections include sialadenitis, which occurs when the duct of the parotid gland leading to the mouth becomes blocked. This is often associated with older people who have developed salivary stones, but may also impact infants in the weeks following birth. Characterized by a painful, pus-filled lump, the condition can also lead to high fever.

Another issue is viral infection, with flu and mumps resulting in swollen parotid glands on either side of the face. In cases of mumps, the “chipmunk cheek” swelling process is preceded by symptoms such as headache and fever, typically 48 hours prior. With early treatment a key to quick recovery, worrisome symptoms should be checked with a physician as soon as possible.

Recent Study Looks at Doctor/Patient Dynamic in ER Settings


Zachary Lutsky
Zachary Lutsky

An alumnus of the Chicago Medical School, Dr. Zachary Lutsky completed his residency in emergency medicine at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center. For more than a decade, Dr. Zachary Lutsky served as an emergency room physician at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles and is engaged with current events in his field.

A recent study shows that patients in emergency rooms want to be more involved in the decision-making regarding their care, but often are hesitant to speak up, waiting for an invitation from the physician to take part in the treatment plan. The study was recently published in the medical journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM).

According to the researchers, emergency room physicians are encouraged to invite patients into the decision-making process by using clear language that avoids overly clinical terms and confusing jargon. This will create a greater atmosphere of trust between doctors and patients and result in better outcomes.

The Five Levels of Trauma Centers


 Cedars-Sinai Medical Center pic
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Board certified in emergency medicine, Dr. Zachary Lutsky serves as an attending physician in the emergency departments of busy hospitals. Recently, Dr. Zachary Lutsky practiced at one of the few level I trauma centers in Los Angeles while practicing at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

Most trauma centers in the United States are divided into five levels based on their preparation to treat severe injuries. Here is a brief overview of the five designations:

Level I: capable of providing top-quality care to trauma patients, fully stocked with all the resources needed to care for nearly all traumatic injuries. In most cases, these centers keep numerous specialists on staff.

Level II: employs professionals from a variety of specialties and has enough resources to treat and stabilize most patients but will transfer to level I when necessary. These centers do not have research or education programs.

Level III: treats the majority of trauma patients through emergency surgery, resuscitation, and intensive care. Exceptionally severe trauma cases are transferred to level I or II centers.

Level IV: has enough resources to handle the stabilization, evaluation, and diagnosis of most trauma patients. However, these centers usually must transfer patients to a higher level trauma center for treatment.

Level V: not always open 24 hours a day and may have nurses and physicians available at only certain hours. These centers stabilize and diagnose patients before transferring them.

How to Prevent Antibiotic Resistance

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Antibiotic Resistance

Dr. Zachary Lutsky has been a practicing emergency physician for 15 years. Due to his experience, Dr. Zachary Lutsky has become familiar with antibiotic resistance.

Antibiotics inhibit the growth of bacteria that cause infections in the body. Over time, however, bacteria may become resistant to these antibiotics.

To prevent this from happening, doctors recommend being cautious about antibiotic use. According to the CDC, about half of all antibiotic use is unnecessary.

Reducing the widespread use of antibiotics is the responsibility of both physicians and patients. Medical professionals should not prescribe antibiotics unless their use is necessary.

Patients should take their antibiotics only as prescribed by their doctors. They should make sure to finish thew course of antibiotics prescribed. Patients should not take any leftover antibiotics or take anyone else’s antibiotics. Medication taken carelessly will promote antibiotic resistance.

In addition to limiting antibiotic use, the general public can prevent the need for antibiotics by staying immunized. Vaccination programs are important in stopping the spread of diseases, the use of antibiotics, and as a result, antibiotic resistance.